Archive for March, 2007

To Call Upon Other Than Allah

Posted on March 17, 2007. Filed under: 201 - Advanced Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

1) To call upon other than Allah for a need, such as rain, etc, while believing that the one being addressed will answer the call is Shirk by agreement. For example: O Prophet! Send us rain!

This is the most important of all issues that the Muslims must be very clear about, for this is the very foundation of our religion.

The danger of this issue must also be made clear, that if one is ignorant in this issue, and calls upon other than Allah, then he has absolutely nothing to do with Islam.

1) Remember, that as a rule, there are aspects of this religion that are clear cut and well-established, whereby a person does not even need textual proof to believe in those aspects, and from them, worshipping Allah alone. Yet, the heretics and pagans will always bring arguments, as they did at the time of the Prophet – SallAllahu ‘alaihi wa-sallam – to cast doubt on that which is already established. Hence, they will bring arguments to suggest that making vows to idols is not Shirk, because making a vow itself is not worship. They can even argue that prostrating to someone other than Allah, or praying to him is not Shirk, because a Salah is not exactly an act of worship.

Here, a Muslim who has no knowledge, surely knows that idols are bad. No matter how corrupt a Muslim is, everyone knows that Islam is a monotheistic religion, which does not allow one to worship anyone besides Allah. Even a sinful Muslim knows that he should not prostrate to anyone besides Allah.

Yes, he might not be able to answer the counter-arguments, but he should still stick to the well-established facts about Islam. And hence, Allah’s censure of those in the Quran who leave the clear-cut Muhkam verses, and instead follow the ambiguous Mutashabihat, seeking thereby pure fitnah.

Meaning, if we have clear cut verses in the Quran, often repeated in nearly every Surah: Do not call upon anyone besides Allah; one seeking the truth knows that such verses are certainly clear-cut and open to no doubt. If one leaves these clear-cut verses and follows the twisted arguments of the pagans, he has surely followed the mutashabihat and therefore, led astray.

Please remember this principle, (more…)

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Intro to Tawassul

Posted on March 17, 2007. Filed under: 201 - Advanced Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

1) To call upon other than Allah for a need, such as rain, etc, while believing that the one being addressed will answer the call is Shirk by agreement. For example: O Prophet! Send us rain!

2) To call upon other than Allah for a need, such as rain, etc, while believing that only Allah will answer the call is Shirk, by agreement. For example: O Prophet! Send us rain!

3) To call upon other than Allah, asking them to intercede for us with Allah is also Shirk. For example: O Prophet! Intercede for us with Allah!

4) To call upon the Prophet, asking him to make du’a for us is Shirk. For example: O Prophet! Ask Allah to grant us rain!

5) To call upon Allah alone, asking Him by His Prophet is a valid difference of opinion in Fiqh where none is censured. For example: O Allah! I ask you alone by Your noble Prophet!

Please read the posts regarding this issue on the 101 page:

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Some Manifestations of Kufr

Posted on March 14, 2007. Filed under: 101 - Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

Making fun of anything religious

 

“The Jews said: ‘Allah’s hand is tied up.’ Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for the (blasphemy) they utter.” (3:181) In this ayah they were almost ridiculing or mocking Allah.

 

When you make fun of any commandment of Allah, you are making fun of the One giving the commandment.

 

Making fun of Muslims is evil and bad (ayah perhaps they’re better than you). It is haram to crack jokes at other Muslims. To make fun of Islamic things is kufr. It is not a characteristic of the Muslims to do this.

 

In Tabuk some of the people said “we have never seen anyone more eager for booty, cowardly in battle.” One sahabah heard and said you have lied O enemies of Allah. He rushed forth to the Prophet (saw) to inform him of what they had said. Before he got there the Quran had already been revealed about them.

 

“If you ask them, they would say, ‘We were only mocking and kidding.’ Say, ‘Do you realize that you are mocking Allah, and His revelations, and His messenger? Do not apologize (give excuses). You have disbelieved after having believed. If we pardon some of you, we will punish others among you, as a consequence of their wickedness.” (At-Tawbah, 9:64 onwards)

 

Hating  or Knowingly Rejecting Sunnah

 

This is NOT the same as finding something difficult to implement, but it is to actually hate a part of the Shari’ah. “Fighting is prescribed for you, even though you dislike it.” (Al-Baqarah, 2:216)

 

There is a difference between disobedience due to following desires (a sin) and another to outright reject something. (more…)

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Nifaq

Posted on March 14, 2007. Filed under: 101 - Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

Nifaq comes from the root nafiqaa, which is an escape hole that the jerboa (desert animal) builds. It is as if the person secretly escaped from Islam.

Major nifaq is for a person to pretend to be a Muslim while he is not

“Verily, the hyprocrites will be in the lowest depths (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them.” (4:145)

Minor nifaq is the acts which typically hypocrites do. ‘To perform a permissible act while concealing its opposite’.

  • Break one’s trust
  • Lie
  • Break a promise
  • Use foul language in an argument
  • Show off good deeds
  • Not caring about striving in Allah’s path
  • Being two-faced
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Kufr

Posted on March 9, 2007. Filed under: 101 - Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

Kufr means to cover up something to the extent that is is destroyed. A farmer is called a kaafir for covering up the land. It can also mean to cover up the fitrah.

In Islam: Absence of emaan from a person, even if his heart believes.

Kufr can be major or minor.

Major kufr is of 5 types: (more…)

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Minor Shirk

Posted on March 9, 2007. Filed under: 101 - Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

Minor shirk can only occur in Uloohiyyah. Minor shirk is still a major sin.

 

The Prophet Muhammad (saw), in an authentic narration, said that they would be among the first groups of people thrown into because the scholar, when he taught the knowledge that Allah gave him, did not do so for the sake of Allah. He taught so that people would praise him, saying what a great scholar he is and how knowledgeable he is. Allah will say to him: “You received your praise, what you sought in that world. But there will be nothing for you in the next.” So he will be drawn off on his face and thrown into Hell.

 

Similarly the rich individual – the philanthropist, (more…)

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Prophet’s Protection of Tawheed

Posted on March 8, 2007. Filed under: 101 - Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

Just as alcohol and adultery were made haram, so too were all the roads leading to them. When this is the case for major sins, then it must be even more so for the sin of shirk.

Prohibited Mosques over Graves

“May Allaah (swt) curse the Jews and Christians who took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship – do not imitate them.”

Forbade Burying the Dead Inside Mosques

“The Messenger of Allaah (SAS) said: “Oh, Allaah! Do not let my grave become an idol that is worshipped: Allaah’s Wrath is immense against those peoples who turned the graves of their Prophets into mosques.”

“Do not make your homes into graves, nor make my grave into a place of celebration. Send your prayers and blessings upon me, for they will be conveyed to me wherever you may be.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood)

Forbade Worshipping Allaah at Places Where Shirk Occurs or Has Occurred

“At the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), a man vowed to sacrifice some camels in Buwaanah. He came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and said, ‘I have vowed to sacrifice some camels in Buwaanah.’ The Prophet Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘Were there any idols there that were worshipped during the Jaahiliyyah?’ He said, ‘No.’ He said, ‘Did they hold any of their festivals there?’ He said, ‘No.’ The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Then fulfil your vow, for there is no fulfilment of any vow which involves disobeying Allaah, or with regard to something that the son of Adam does not own.’” (Narrated by Abu Dawood) (more…)

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Tawassul by Status of the Prophet (saw)

Posted on March 8, 2007. Filed under: 101 - Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

Obligatory:

  1. By following his Sunnah
  2. By loving him
  3. By defending his honor

All of these fall under the previous categories of legislated types of tawassul.

Innovation occurs when asking Allah through his status, body, or honor. Many ‘ulemma have differed about this issue. Therefore, it is important to preserve proper adab when discussing this issue. No scholar has called this type of tawassul to be shirk.

Since there is no authentic or explicit evidence regarding this, it is an innovation. For someone to claim it is legitimate, they must bring proof from the Sunnah. In analyzing the evidences the following points must be kept in mind:

  1. Is this evidence something that carries legislative weight, i.e. is it from the Quran, Sunnah, or Ijma?
  2. Is the evidence legitimate? If someone quotes a hadith for example, then the authenticity must be verified.
  3. Is the evidence specific and relevant to what is trying to be proved?
  4. Are there other evidences that clarify, abrogate, generalize, or specify the previous evidence? This is the category requiring the highest level of knowledge.

The evidences used to support tawassul through the status of the Prophet (saw) can be put into 6 categories. (more…)

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Legislated Types of Tawassul

Posted on March 8, 2007. Filed under: 101 - Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

Tawassul is something that brings you closer to another object. In Islam the general meaning is any good deed because they bring you closer to Allah. The specific meaning is something used to increase the chance of your du’a being accepted.

“O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him. Seek the means of approach to Him, and strive hard in His Cause as much as you can. So that you may be successful.” (5:35)

Types sanctioned by the Quran and Sunnah, (more…)

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Intercession (Shafa’ah)

Posted on March 6, 2007. Filed under: 101 - Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah |

Meaning of Intercession: Asking an intermediary to plead one’s request in front of another.

Shafa’a means even (like odd and even). Intercession means to plead your case in front of another being. You and the intermediary together are 2 (even).

“To Allaah belongs exclusively (the right to grant) intercession.” (Az-Zumar, 39:44)

For any intercession to be accepted by Allah

  1. Allah must allow the intercessor permission to intercede. “Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission?” (2:255)
  2. Allah must be pleased with the person on whose behalf intercession is sought. “On that Day shall no intercession avail except for those for whom permission has been granted by Most Merciful and whose word is acceptable to Him.” (TaaHaa, 20:109) And, “No intercession avails with Him, except for those for whom He has granted permission.” (Saba’:23)

In the end all shafa’ah belongs to Allah. One verse combining both conditions of intercession – “And how many an angel is there in the heavens, but their intercession shall be of no avail, except after Allaah gives permission to whomsoever He wills and pleases.” (An-Najm, 53:26)

The intercession was the means chosen by Allah to forgive these particular people. Honor for the intercessor and a means for the one interceded for. If we want shafa’ah, we ask for it from the one who owns it.

The way to ask for it is du’a like after Adhan, we ask Allah to grant the Prophet (saw) the Maqam Mahmood which is the maqam of shifa’ah.

Types of Religious Intercession

General for all creation (as long as previous two conditions are met)

  1. Raise their ranks in Paradise
  2. Saved from Fire of Hell before entering it.
  3. Removed from Fire after having entered it, before their time is completed.

These types of Shafa’ah are open to everyone.

Specific for the Prophet (saw)

  1. Intercession to start the Reckoning on the Day of Judgement
  2. Intercession on behalf of his entire Ummah to enter Paradise
  3. Intercession to open the gates of Paradise (more…)
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